The Research Works Act is a new bill introduced in Congress on December 16. It attempts to repeal the requirement that NIH funded research be published in the open access PubMed Central — and to block other agencies from being required to do the same.
Peter Suber has an informative post here — and the follow-on comments provide even more information.
The American Association of Publishers has a press release supporting the bill.
This is particularly interesting in light of the recent White House request for information on Public Access to Peer-Reviewed Scholarly Publications Resulting From Federally Funded Research.
Boston College Libraries submitted a response to the RFI. Please contact Jane Morris, Scholarly Communication Librarian, if you would like a copy. jane[dot]morris[at]bc[dot]edu